synchronized crane wheels cut maintenance costs

The retrofit of this portal crane at concrete manufacturer MBI Beton BV involved replacing the controls as well as the drive motors. Emotron drives were provided for a complete solution which requires less maintenance thanks to minimal wheel wear.

 

Retrofit reduced maintenance

The Dutch company MBI Beton BV manufactures concrete blocks used as facade bricks, paving blocks and garden stones. MBI was founded 60 years ago and employs about 200 people. The head office is situated in Veghel, The Netherlands. Production and sales take place here as well as at the company’s site in Kampen.

As it was no longer possible to maintain the portal crane based at the Kampen and used for moving gravel and sand at a reasonable cost, the decision was made to retrofit it. MBI turned to Emotron with its 20 years in the field of crane modernization.

The retrofit involved installing a new complete electronic control system based on the Emotron VFX variable speed drive. The eight drive motors, each with a power of 22 kW, were also replaced. The new solution requires considerably less maintenance. The wear to the wheels has been minimized, contactors no longer have to be replaced, fewer shocks are generated in the drive mechanism and the high-maintenance slip ring AC motors have made way for standard squirrel-cage AC motors.

The retrofit of this crane at concrete manufacturer MBI Beton considerably reduced maintenance costs

The retrofit of this crane at concrete manufacturer MBI Beton considerably reduced maintenance costs

synchronizing the wheels is a challenge

A wide rail-mounted crane often does not travel completely parallel to the rails. The load transported being unevenly distributed over either side of the crane causes the motors to work at slightly different speeds, pulling the crane towards the side. Temperature variations can also cause the distance between the two rails to vary over the travel distance.

These factors will result in the wheel flanges coming into contact with the rails. A piercing sound clearly betrays the serious wear suffered as the wheels quickly grind themselves down against the rail. For the MBI crane this mechanical problem was solved using the electronic flange control and the Emotron VFX variable speed drive.

 
Contact between the wheel flanges and the rails is prevented. The accuracy of the signals from the four ultrasonic sensors is vital to the operator.

Contact between the wheel flanges and the rails is prevented. The accuracy of the signals from the four ultrasonic sensors is vital to the operator.

 

electronic flange control minimizes wear

The speed of the crane wheels is now completely synchronized, offering parallel travel. Maintenance costs and noise levels are reduced and the life span of the wheels is greatly extended. The wheels will need to be changed about every five years, compared to as often as every three months with unsynchronized travel, with at least a days standstill every time.

The electronic flange control prevents contact between the wheel flanges and the rails by guiding the crane at a virtually constant distance from the rails on either side. This is handled by the distance regulator (center guide) calculating the ideal travel line on the basis of the readings received.

The correction to be applied (angle guide) alters the crane’s offset to compensate for the differences in distance. The software for this control is incorporated into the Power Panel (PP41) control system included in the Emotron crane package.

easy setup without a pc

The efficiency of the system greatly depends on the accuracy of the signals from the four ultrasonic distance sensors. The sensors have to be fitted with great care, both mechanically and electrically. Special attention should also be paid to the signal cable shielding.

The measured valves of the sensors are shown in the PP41 display as a figure and in a chart. The regulators can be shut down if necessary and the drives can be operated manually from the master controller. The parameters for the regulator are easily configured using the setup menu of the PP41 without the need for a PC. The settings are password-protected.

soft starts even with heavy loads

The Emotron VFX variable speed drive ensures instant yet smooth starts and fast acceleration without jerky movements, even with very heavy loads. This enhances safety and minimizes mechanical wear.

Matching rapid direct torque control, pre-magnetization of the motor and precise brake control makes sure the motor has enough power to deliver the torque needed at the very moment the mechanical brake is released.

An HCB (Half Controlled Bridge) ramping up of the DC link voltage ensures controlled start-up and detects phase eerrors and asymmetrical power supply loading. The risk of component breakdown, e.g. chargin circuit failure, is minimized. This could otherwise be the result of frequently switching the AC power supply with an external contactor, which is often the case in crane applications. The avsence of built-in resistors of contactors saves on both space and maintenance.

 
The retrofit involved installing a new electronic control system based on the Emotron VFX Variable Speed Drive, as well as replacing the eight drive motors.

The retrofit involved installing a new electronic control system based on the Emotron VFX Variable Speed Drive, as well as replacing the eight drive motors.

direct torque control for high reliability

The direct torque control of the Emotron VFX ensures reliable and efficient crane operation without interruptions caused by abrupt load changes or incorrectly set parameters, such as ramp times. The direct torque control reacts extremely quickly to any variation in load and instantly regulates the torque in relation to speed to protect the process. The response time is extremely short since the actual and required torque is compared 40,000 times per second!

An internal speed controller increases efficiency. It reacts immediately to load changes thtat cause deviation in motor speed and quickly adjusts speed to the set reference value. The controller works without external feedback and an auto-tune function reduces set-up time.

Safe and efficient braking

An integrated brake chopper ensures quick and soft braking, even with heavy loads. It works together with the direct torque control of the Emotron VFX and keeps up the required torque to prevent jerking. The speed is continuously reduced towards zero and the crane can be stopped safely before the mechanical brake is activated.

Valuable time is saved and safety is increased thanks to an end position control automatically stopping the crane just before it reaches its end position. The operator can drive the crane faster, knowing that the crane will stop smoothly without any jerky movements.

facts

Hoisting capacity: 14 tons

Hoisting speed: 60 m/min

Travel speed: 120 m/min

Crane rail length: 240 m

Crane rail span: 40 m

Crane span: 55 m incl. 15 m projection